Embassy News

ROMANIAN HEROES DAY 2019 IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION Inauguration of 7 new monuments in the memory of the Romanian prisoners of war

To mark this year's ROMANIAN HEROES DAY, which coincides with the Christian Ascension Feast (in 2019, on 6th of June), the Romanian Ambassador to the Russian Federation, H.E. Mr. Vasile SOARE carried out a novel pilgrimage mission on a route of about 5.000 km through the regions of the Russian Federation located between Moscow and the Urals Mountains to participate at the inauguration and sanctification of 7 new monuments raised in the year 2018 by the Romanian state (through the National Office for Heroes' Cult) in memory of the Romanian prisoners of war who died in the Soviet camps during the 1940s-1950s of the 20th century. 

The Romanian ambassador was accompanied in this trip by collaborators of the diplomatic mission and by the priest Stefan Stanciu from the "Holy Archangels" parish in Ghencea / Bucharest, who, with the blessing of HB DANIEL, Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church, participated in the last 6 years in all the commemoration activities of Romanian soldiers dead in Russia - in war and in prison.

The 7 new Romanian monuments (vertical commemorative plaques, of black granite - 120 cm high and 70 cm wide - on which is written, in Romanian and Russian, the text IN MEMORIAM / THE ROMANIAN PRISONERS FROM THE SECOND WORLD WAR / DEAD IN RUSSIA), inaugurated and sanctified in this commemorative tournament, were installed on the sites of former multinational cemeteries for war prisoners from various cities / regions on the territory of the Russian Federation, where 1158 Romanian prisoners are buried:

1. Ciobakovo, Yaroslavl Region (village in Tutaev District, located near the upper course of Volga, 40 km west of city Yaroslavl and 320 km north of Moscow) - 6 Romanian prisoners, dead in Special NKVD Hospital nr. 5363; 

2. Mihailovo, Ivanovo Region (a village located 450 km northeast of Moscow, on the upper course of the Volga River, about 150 km downstream of the town of Kostroma and 170 km upstream of Nijni Novgorod) - 105 Romanian prisoners, dead in the NKVD camp no. 185;

3. Usta, Nijegorod Region (a village located 250 km northeast of Nizhny Novgorod and 610 km northeast of Moscow) - 99 Romanian prisoners, dead in NKVD Special Hospital no. 2851; 

4. Mojga, Republic of Udmurtia (a town located in the southwest of the republic, at the confluence of the Syuga and Syugailka rivers, 81 km from the capital of Udmurtia, Ijevsk, 1.150 km northeast of Moscow) - 222 Romanian prisoners, dead in the Special NKVD Hospitals no. 3880 and 5888;

5. Magnitogorsk, Celeabinsk Region (a town located at the foot of Mount Magnitnaya on the eastern slope of the South Ural, on both sides of the Ural River at the confluence between Europe and Asia, 1.700 km east of Moscow) - 31 Romanian prisoners dead in NKVD camp no. 443 and Special Hospital no. 5921; 

6. Orsk, Orenburg region (a town located near the border with Kazakhstan, 1.750 km southeast of Moscow) - 224 Romanian prisoners, dead in the NKVD camp no. 260 and the Special Hospital nr. 3926 

7.Volsk, Saratov Region (administrative center town of Volsk district, located on the right bank of the middle course of the Volga River, 150 km northeast of Saratov and 1.000 km southeast of Moscow) - 471 Romanian prisoners, dead in Special Hospitals no. 1691 and 5134 (buried in two distinct plots of the city cemetery / south and west).

 

The ceremony of sanctification of each inaugurated monument consisted of:

 

 • Presentation by the Ambassador Vasile SOARE of the historical context in which the Romanian soldiers came to prison in the USSR during and after the end of the Second World War, about the destiny of Romanian war prisoners who died in camps and special hospitals of the NKVD that existed in various regions of the current Russian Federation - a total of nearly 30.000 buried in 288 multinational cemeteries (nominally identified by the Embassy in the archives);

• The commissioning by priest Stefan STANCIU of the Liturgical Service of Remembrance of the dead Romanian Prisoners of War and Sanctification of the Commemorative Monument, during which a distinct moment constituted the individual commemoration of 696 Romanian soldiers (nominally identified by the Embassy in the archives) buried in 7 locations where new signs of Romanian gratitude were inaugurated;

 • Candlelight, candles and flowers were deposited at each monument by those present - members of the Romanian and local delegation.

At each location, the Romanian delegation was welcomed and supported by representatives of the Russian Orthodox Church, which also participated in the religious service with the Romanian priest. 

In the spirit of respect for the memory of all the soldiers buried in the 7 visited multinational cemeteries of war, the Romanian priest sanctified the commemorative insignia of Hungarian and German prisoners, and members of the delegation kept silent moments. 

***

The total number of monuments raised by the Romanian state until 2018 in memory of the Romanian prisoners of war who died in camps and NKVD special hospitals on the current territory of the Russian Federation reached 32, of which 29 monuments were inaugurated and sanctified by the Romanian Embassy in Moscow according to tradition. 

Moreover, there are two cemeteries, arranged by the Romanian state, 70 years after the end of the Second World War, following the sustained steps of the Embassy, ​​where, annually, are re-buried the remains of the Romanian soldiers who died in battle at Stalingrad – on Don-Bend – Kalmyk Steppe (inaugurated on 25.10.2015 at Rossoşka / Volgograd) and in the Caucasus (inaugurated on 26.11.2018 in Apseronsk / Krasnodar Land).

 

 

 Photo gallery Ciobakovo

 Photo gallery Mihailovo

 Photo gallery Usta

 Photo gallery Mojga

 Photo gallery Magnitogorsk

 Photo gallery Orsk

 Photo gallery Volsk

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ROMANIAN HEROES DAY 2019 IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION Inauguration of 7 new monuments in the memory of the Romanian prisoners of war

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To mark this year's ROMANIAN HEROES DAY, which coincides with the Christian Ascension Feast (in 2019, on 6th of June), the Romanian Ambassador to the Russian…